Sunday

February 20 - Deaths

Calendar Date February 20th:
February 20th - Deaths:
702 – K'inich Kan B'alam II - king of the Maya state of Palenque (b. 635)
1154 – Saint Wulfric of Haselbury Plucknett
1171 – Conan IV - Duke of Brittany (b. 1138)
1194 – King Tancred of Sicily (b. 1138)
1258 – Al-Musta'sim - last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad (b. 1213)
1408 – Henry Percy - 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman (b. 1342)
1431 – Pope Martin V (b. 1368)
1524 – Tecún Umán - last leader of the K'iche' (Quiché) Maya people
1579 – Nicholas Bacon - English politician (b. 1509)
1618 – Philip William - Prince of Orange (b. 1554)
1626 – John Dowland - English composer & lutenist (b. 1563)
1762 – Tobias Mayer - German astronomer (b. 1723)
1771 – Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan - French geophysicist (b. 1678)
1773 – King Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (b. 1701)
1778 – Laura Bassi - Italian scholar (b. 1711)
1790 – Joseph II - Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1741)
1803 – Marie Dumesnil - French actress (b. 1713)
1806 – Lachlan McIntosh - Scottish-born American military & political leader (b. 1725)
1810 – Andreas Hofer - Tyrolean national hero (executed) (b. 1767)
1862 – William Wallace Lincoln - son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln (b. 1850)
1871 – Paul Kane - Irish-born painter (b. 1810)
1893 – P.G.T. Beauregard - American Confederate general (b. 1818)
1895 – Frederick Douglass - American abolitionist writer (b. 1818)
1905 – Jeremiah W. Farnham - American merchant captain
1907 – Henri Moissan - French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1852)
1916 – Klas Pontus Arnoldson - Swedish writer & pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1844)
1920 – Robert Peary - American explorer (b. 1856)
1936 – Max Schreck - German actor (b. 1879)
1941 – La Bolduc - French Canadian singer & songwriter (b. 1894)
1961 – Percy Grainger - Australian composer (b. 1882)
1963 – Ferenc Fricsay - Hungarian conductor (b. 1914)
1963 – Jacob Gade - Danish composer(b. 1879)
1965 – Fred Immler - German actor (b. 1880)
1966 – Chester Nimitz - American admiral (b. 1885)
1968 – Anthony Asquith - British film director & writer (b. 1902)
1969 – Ernest Ansermet - Swiss conductor (b. 1883)
1970 – Sophie Treadwell - American playwright & journalist (b. 1885)
1972 – Maria Goeppert-Mayer - German physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
1972 – Walter Winchell - American journalist (b. 1897)
1974 – David Monrad Johansen - Norwegian composer (b. 1888)
1976 – René Cassin - French judge, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1887)
1976 – Kathryn Kuhlman - American evangelist (b. 1907)
1981 – Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg - magazine editor, socialite (b. 1904)
1983 – Fritz Köberle - Austrian-Brazilian physician (b. 1910)
1985 – Clarence "Ducky" Nash - American voice actor (b. 1904)
1992 – Roberto D'Aubuisson - Salvadoran politician (b. 1944)
1992 – Dick York - American actor (b. 1928)
1993 – Ferruccio Lamborghini - Italian automobile manufacturer (b. 1916)
1993 – Ernest L. Massad - U.S. Army general (b. 1908)
1994 – Burt Lancaster - American actor (b. 1913)
1996 – Solomon Asch - American psychologist (b. 1907)
1996 – Tōru Takemitsu - Japanese composer (b. 1930)
1997 – Zachary Breaux - American jazz guitarist (b. 1960)
1999 – Sarah Kane - English playwright (b. 1971)
1999 – Gene Siskel - American film critic (b. 1946)
2000 – Anatoly Sobchak - Russian politician (b. 1937)
2001 – Rosemary DeCamp - American actress (b. 1910)
2003 – Maurice Blanchot - French author (b. 1907)
2003 – Orville Freeman - American politician (b. 1918)
2003 – Harry Jacunski - American football player (b. 1915)
2003 – Ty Longley - American guitarist (Great White) (b. 1971)
2003 – Mushaf Ali Mir - Pakistani Chief of the Air Staff (b. 1947)
2005 – Pam Bricker - American jazz singer & Thievery Corporation vocalist (b. 1954)
2005 – Sandra Dee - American actress (b. 1944)
2005 – John Raitt - American actor (b. 1917)
2005 – Hunter S. Thompson - American journalist & author (b. 1937)
2005 – Tom Willmore - English geometer (b. 1919)
2006 – Curt Gowdy - American sportscaster (b. 1919)
2006 – Lucjan Wolanowski - Polish journalist, writer & traveller (b. 1920)
2007 – F. Albert Cotton - American chemist (b. 1930)
2007 – Carl-Henning Pedersen - Danish artist, member of the CoBrA movement (b. 1913)
2008 – Emily Perry - English actress (b. 1907)
2009 – Larry H. Miller - American businessman & owner of the Utah Jazz (b. 1944)
2010 – Alexander Haig - American soldier & politician (b. 1924)


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February 20 - Births

Calendar Date February 20th:
February 20th - Births:
1631 – Thomas Osborne - 1st Duke of Leeds, English statesman (d. 1712)
1633 – Jan de Baen - Dutch portrait painter (d. 1702)
1745 – Henry James Pye - English poet (d. 1813)
1751 – Johann Heinrich Voß - German poet (d. 1826)
1753 – Louis Alexandre Berthier - French marshal (d. 1815)
1757 – John 'Mad Jack' Fuller - English philanthropist (d. 1834)
1759 – Johann Christian Reil - German physician, founder of psychiatry (d. 1813)
1794 – William Carleton - Irish novelist (d. 1869)
1802 – Charles de Bériot - Belgian violinist (d. 1870)
1819 – Alfred Escher - Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
1839 – Benjamin Waugh - American minister; founder of the NSPCC (d. 1908)
1844 – Ludwig Boltzmann - Austrian physicist (d. 1906)
1844 – Joshua Slocum - Canadian seaman & adventurer (d. 1909)
1848 – Edward Henry Harriman - American railroad executive (d. 1909)
1850 – Nérée Beauchemin - Canadian physician & poet (d. 1931)
1866 – Carl Westman - Swedish architect & designer (d. 1936)
1867 – Louise - Princess Royal & Duchess of Fife (d. 1931)
1880 – Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen - French aristocrat & novelist (d. 1923)
1887 – Vincent Massey - Governor-General of Canada (d. 1967)
1888 – Georges Bernanos - French writer (d. 1948)
1893 – Russel Crouse - American playwright (d. 1966)
1893 – Elizabeth Holloway Marston - American psychologist (d. 1993)
1898 – Enzo Ferrari - Italian automobile manufacturer, designer & racing car driver (d. 1988)
1898 – Jimmy Yancey - American pianist (d. 1951)
1899 – Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney - American businessman (d. 1992)
1901 – Cecil Harmsworth King - English newspaper owner (d. 1987)
1901 – Muhammad Naguib - President of Egypt (d. 1984)
1902 – Ansel Adams - American photographer (d. 1984)
1904 – Alexei Kosygin - Premier of the Soviet Union (d. 1980)
1906 – Gale Gordon - American television & radio actor (d. 1995)
1907 – Malcolm Atterbury - American actor (d. 1992)
1912 – Pierre Boulle - French author (d. 1994)
1912 – Muriel Humprhey Brown - American politician (d. 1998)
1913 – Tommy Henrich - American baseball player (d. 2009)
1914 – John Daly - South African–born broadcaster (d. 2001)
1917 – Juan Vicente Torrealba - Venezuelan harpist & composer
1918 – Leonore Annenberg - American Billionaire (d. 2009)
1919 – James O'Meara - British Battle of Britain Spitfire Flying Ace (d. 1974)
1920 – Evgeny Dragunov - Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
1923 – Forbes Burnham - President of Guyana (d. 1985)
1924 – Gloria Vanderbilt - American socialite & clothing designer
1925 – Robert Altman - American film director (d. 2006)
1925 – Heinz Kluncker - German trade union leader (d. 2005)
1926 – Richard Matheson - American author
1927 – Roy Cohn - American lawyer (d. 1986)
1927 – Ibrahim Ferrer - Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) (d. 2005)
1927 – Sidney Poitier - American actor
1929 – Amanda Blake - American actress (d. 1989)
1930 – Willie Cunningham - Northern Irish footballer (d. 2007)
1932 – Adrian Cristobal - Filipino writer (d. 2007)
1934 – Bobby Unser - American racing driver
1936 – Marj Dusay - American actress
1936 – Larry Hovis - American actor (d. 2003)
1936 – Shigeo Nagashima - Japanese baseball player & coach
1937 – Robert Huber - German chemist, Nobel laureate
1937 – Roger Penske - American racing driver, race team owner & entrepreneur
1937 – Nancy Wilson - American singer
1938 – Richard Beymer - American actor
1939 – Frank Arundel - English footballer (d.1994)
1940 – Jimmy Greaves - English footballer
1941 – Lim Kit Siang - Democratic Socialist opposition party in Malaysia
1941 – Buffy Sainte-Marie - Canadian singer
1942 – Phil Esposito - Canadian ice hockey player
1942 – Charlie Gillett - British radio DJ
1942 – Mitch McConnell - American politician
1942 – Claude Miller - French film director & screenwriter
1943 – Moshe Cotel - American composer & pianist
1943 – Antonio Inoki - Japanese professional wrestler
1943 – Mike Leigh - British film director
1944 – Robert de Cotret - French Canadian politician (d. 1999)
1944 – Willem van Hanegem - Dutch footballer & coach
1945 – Andrew Bergman - American screenwriter & film director
1945 – Brion James - American actor (d. 1999)
1945 – Annu Kapoor - Indian actor
1946 – Brenda Blethyn - English actress
1946 – Richard Cocciante - French-Italian singer & songwriter
1946 – Sandy Duncan - American singer & actress
1946 – J. Geils - American guitarist (The J. Geils Band)
1947 – André van Duin - Dutch comedian
1947 – Eggert Magnusson - Icelandic football executive
1947 – Peter Osgood - English footballer (d. 2006)
1947 – Peter Strauss - American actor
1948 – Pierre Bouchard - Canadian ice hockey player
1948 – Jennifer O'Neill - Brazilian-born actress
1949 – Ivana Trump - Czech-born American socialite
1950 – Walter Becker - American guitarist (Steely Dan)
1950 – Ken Shimura - Japanese performer & actor
1950 – Tony Wilson - British journalist & impresario (d. 2007)
1951 – Edward Albert - American actor (d. 2006)
1951 – Gordon Brown - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
1951 – Randy California - American guitarist (Spirit) (d. 1997)
1951 – Phil Neal - English footballer
1953 – Riccardo Chailly - Italian conductor
1953 – Poison Ivy - American musician (The Cramps)
1954 – Jon Brant - American musician (Cheap Trick)
1954 – Anthony Stewart Head - English actor
1954 – Patty Hearst - American socialite
1956 – Rick Green - Canadian ice hockey player
1956 – Charlie Adler - American voice actor
1957 – Glen Hanlon - Canadian ice hockey coach
1959 – Bill Gullickson - American baseball player
1960 – Joel Hodgson - American comedian (Mystery Science Theater 3000)
1960 – Kee Marcello - Swedish guitarist
1961 – Imogen Stubbs - British actress
1962 – Kenn Nesbitt - American children's author
1963 – Charles Barkley - American basketball player
1963 – Ian Brown - English singer (The Stone Roses)
1963 – Jon Lynn Christensen - former Nebraska Congressman
1963 – Marilisa Xenogiannakopoulou - Greek politician
1964 – French Stewart - American actor
1964 – Rodney Rowland - American actor
1965 – Ron Eldard - American actor
1966 – Cindy Crawford - American model
1967 – Kurt Cobain - American musician (Nirvana) (d. 1994)
1967 – David Herman - American comedian
1967 – Katherine Soucie - American voice actress
1967 – Andrew Shue - American television actor
1967 – Lili Taylor - American actress
1968 – Ted Hankey - English darts player
1969 – Vaginal Davis - American drag queen & performance artist
1969 – Gedo - Japanese professional wrestler
1969 – Danis Tanovic - Bosnian film director & screenwriter
1969 – Tommy Vardell - National Football League fullback
1969 – Siniša Mihajlović - Serbian footballer
1971 – Jari Litmanen - Finnish footballer
1971 – Shawn McKenzie - American programmer
1972 – Brent Gretzky - Canadian ice hockey player
1972 – K-OS - Canadian musician/rapper
1973 – Kimberley Davies - Australian actress
1974 – Ophelie Winter - French actress
1975 – Liván Hernández - Cuban baseball player
1975 – Brian Littrell - American singer (Backstreet Boys)
1976 – Rohan Gavaskar - Left-handed batsman, India ODI 2004 (son of Sunil Gavaskar)
1976 – Ed Graham - English drummer (The Darkness)
1976 – Gail Kim - Canadian professional wrestler
1977 – Bartosz Kizierowski - Polish swimmer
1977 – Stephon Marbury - American basketball player
1977 – T.J. Slaughter - American football player
1977 – Amal Hijazi - Lebanese singer & model
1978 – Lauren Ambrose - American actress
1978 – Jakki Degg - English glamour model/actress
1978 – Jay Hernandez - American actor
1978 – Julia Jentsch - German actress
1980 – Artur Boruc - Polish footballer
1980 – Imanol Harinordoquy - French rugby union footballer
1981 – Tony Hibbert - English footballer
1981 – Chris Thile - American musician
1982 – Jason Hirsh - American baseball player
1983 – Jose Morales - Puerto Rican baseball player
1983 – Justin Verlander - American baseball player
1984 – Brian McCann - American baseball player
1985 – Ryan Sweeney - American baseball player
1985 – Yulia Volkova - Russian singer (t.A.T.u.)
1988 – Rihanna - Barbadian singer
1988 – Jiah Khan - Indian actress


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February 20 - General (Calendar Date)

February 20th - Basic Facts:
  • February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 314 days remaining until the end of the year (315 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 19
  • Next day is February 21.
February 20th Births (Here)

February 20th Deaths (Here)

February 20 Events:

1472 – Orkney & Shetland are left to Scotland by Norway - result of a dowry payment.
1547 – Edward VI of England is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey.
1792 – The Postal Service Act is signed by President George Washington - establishing the United States Post Office Department.
1798 – Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
1810 – Andreas Hofer (Tirolean patriot & leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces) is executed.
1835 – Concepción, Chile is destroyed by an earthquake.
1864 – Battle of Olustee occurs (American Civil War).
1872 – Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City opens.
1873 – University of California opens its 1st medical school in San Francisco.
1901 – Hawaii Territory legislature convenes for the first time.
1909 – Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in Le Figaro.
1913 – King O'Malley marks commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
1931 – The Congress of the United States approves the construction of the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge in California.
1933 – Congress of the United States proposes the 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution - ends US Prohibition.
1942 – Lieutenant Edward O'Hare becomes America's first World War II flying ace.
1943 – American movie studio executives allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
1943 – Parícutin volcano begins to form in Parícutin, Mexico.
1944 – The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers (World War II).
1944 – The United States takes Eniwetok Island (World War II).
1959 – The Avro Arrow program in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.
1962 – Mercury program - aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn becomes the 1st American to orbit the earth.
1965 – Ranger 8 crashes into the moon - following successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program.
1976 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
1987 – Salt Lake City, a bomb explodes in a computer store (from Unabomber).
1989 – IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England
1991 – Enver Hoxha's statue is brought down in the Albanian capital Tirana by angry protesters.
1998 – Tara Lipinski (American figure skater) becomes the youngest gold-medalist at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.
2005 – Spain is 1st country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union.
2009 – Two Tamil Tigers aircraft (kamikaze style attack) packed with C4 explosives en-route to the national airforce headquarters were shot down by the Sri Lankan military.
2010 – In Madeira Island, Portugal, heavy rain causes floods & mudslides.


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Tuesday

Facebook (Social Networking Website)

Facebook Facts:
  • Facebook is a social networking website (Facebook.com).
  • The site is privately owned by Facebook, Inc. & founded by Mark Zuckerberg initially whilst a student at Harvard University.
  • Facebook has been in use since September 2006.
  • Users need to be aged over 13 years and have a valid email address.
  • A Facebook user can update their personal profile, send messages and add friends.
  • There is also the facility for joining organized networks of friends (i.e. work, education facilities, sports groups, special interest groups).
  • Very recently Facebook website has overtaken Google as the most visited site in the USA (see media report below).



Tags:
Facebook - Google - Mark Zuckerberg - Social Networking - Website


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Monday

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB)


Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB):
  • Caused by Mycobacterium bacteria that are resistant to at least isoniazid & rifampicin.
  • These 2 drugs are the most effective anti-TB drugs available.
  • MDR-TB can be either a primary infection with resistant bacteria, or develop during the course of a patient’s treatment.
Image from Flickr (cc) (here)

Tags:
Drug Resistance - Isoniazid - MDR-TB - Mycobacterium - Rifampicin - Tuberculosis


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World Health Organization's Ranking (2000) Of The World's Health Systems


The World Health Organization's world's health systems ranking.
  • The WHO's world's health systems ranking from 2000.
  • The ranking table is no longer produced by the WHO as the assessment is too complex to be certain of the validity.
  • The full report is available on www.who.int/whr.
Country Rankings (1-190):
  1. France
  2. Italy
  3. San Marino
  4. Andorra
  5. Malta
  6. Singapore
  7. Spain
  8. Oman
  9. Austria
  10. Japan
  11. Norway
  12. Portugal
  13. Monaco
  14. Greece
  15. Iceland
  16. Luxembourg
  17. Netherlands
  18. United Kingdom
  19. Ireland
  20. Switzerland
  21. Belgium
  22. Colombia
  23. Sweden
  24. Cyprus
  25. Germany
  26. Saudi Arabia
  27. United Arab Emirates
  28. Israel
  29. Morocco
  30. Canada
  31. Finland
  32. Australia
  33. Chile
  34. Denmark
  35. Dominica
  36. Costa Rica
  37. United States of America
  38. Slovenia
  39. Cuba
  40. Brunei
  41. New Zealand
  42. Bahrain
  43. Croatia
  44. Qatar
  45. Kuwait
  46. Barbados
  47. Thailand
  48. Czech Republic
  49. Malaysia
  50. Poland
  51. Dominican Republic
  52. Tunisia
  53. Jamaica
  54. Venezuela
  55. Albania
  56. Seychelles
  57. Paraguay
  58. South Korea
  59. Senegal
  60. Philippines
  61. Mexico
  62. lovakia
  63. Egypt
  64. Kazakhstan
  65. Uruguay
  66. Hungary
  67. Trinidad and Tobago
  68. Saint Lucia
  69. Belize
  70. Turkey
  71. Nicaragua
  72. Belarus
  73. Lithuania
  74. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  75. Argentina
  76. Sri Lanka
  77. Estonia
  78. Guatemala
  79. Ukraine
  80. Solomon Islands
  81. Algeria
  82. Palau
  83. Jordan
  84. Mauritius
  85. Grenada
  86. Antigua and Barbuda
  87. Libya
  88. Bangladesh
  89. Macedonia
  90. Bosnia-Herzegovina
  91. Lebanon
  92. Indonesia
  93. Iran
  94. Bahamas
  95. Panama
  96. Fiji
  97. Benin
  98. Nauru
  99. Romania
  100. Saint Kitts and Nevis
  101. Moldova
  102. Bulgaria
  103. Iraq
  104. Armenia
  105. Latvia
  106. Yugoslavia
  107. Cook Islands
  108. Syria
  109. Azerbaijan
  110. Suriname
  111. Ecuador
  112. India
  113. Cape Verde
  114. Georgia
  115. El Salvador
  116. Tonga
  117. Uzbekistan
  118. Comoros
  119. Samoa
  120. Yemen
  121. Niue
  122. Pakistan
  123. Micronesia
  124. Bhutan
  125. Brazil
  126. Bolivia
  127. Vanuatu
  128. Guyana
  129. Peru
  130. Russia
  131. Honduras
  132. Burkina Faso
  133. Sao Tome and Principe
  134. Sudan
  135. Ghana
  136. Tuvalu
  137. Ivory Coast
  138. Haiti
  139. Gabon
  140. Kenya
  141. Marshall Islands
  142. Kiribati
  143. Burundi
  144. China
  145. Mongolia
  146. Gambia
  147. Maldives
  148. Papua New Guinea
  149. Uganda
  150. Nepal
  151. Kyrgystan
  152. Togo
  153. Turkmenistan
  154. Tajikistan
  155. Zimbabwe
  156. Tanzania
  157. Djibouti
  158. Eritrea
  159. Madagascar
  160. Vietnam
  161. Guinea
  162. Mauritania
  163. Mali
  164. Cameroon
  165. Laos
  166. Congo
  167. North Korea
  168. Namibia
  169. Botswana
  170. Niger
  171. Equatorial Guinea
  172. Rwanda
  173. Afghanistan
  174. Cambodia
  175. South Africa
  176. Guinea-Bissau
  177. Swaziland
  178. Chad
  179. Somalia
  180. Ethiopia
  181. Angola
  182. Zambia
  183. Lesotho
  184. Mozambique
  185. Malawi
  186. Liberia
  187. Nigeria
  188. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  189. Central African Republic
  190. Myanmar

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Tuesday

Richard Knight (Clairvoyant)

Richard Knight Facts:
  • Richard Knight has an established reputation as a clairvoyant.
  • He has been described as one of the UK's most respected Intuitive Consultants & Sensitives & one of the country's leading Tarot Readers.
  • It is claimed that over 2500 people are helped every year through his readings.
  • Also, many further 1000s are claimed to be helped through his seminars & demonstrations.
Richard Knight Publications:
  • Tarot made Easy.
  • Tarot - The Journey Within.
Event Prediction Claims:
"At the end of 2007, and before 50 witnesses, he predicted the sinking of the cruise liner "Explorer" describing the event in remarkable detail. His prediction was made 12 days before the occurrence."
Richard Knight's Media Appearances include:
BBC Radio Leeds, BBC Radio Sheffield, BBC Radio 5, Clive Anderson Talks Back, Dial Midnight, GMTV, Good Morning with Anne and Nick, Kilroy, London Tonight, LWT News, Strange but True?, Tomorrows World, Tonight with Jonathan Ross.


Disclaimer:
This page is for information only, and does not imply that the author is supporting any of the claims within.

Related Links:
Clairvoyant (Definition, Paranormal Practitioner)



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Sunday

Act for the Repression of Vagrancy (1597)

Act for the Repression of Vagrancy (1597):
  • Required than anyone deemed to be a rogue, vagabond, or sturdy beggar, who was found begging could be "stripped naked from the middle upwards and openly whipped until his or her body be bloody.
  • The person was then passed to his or her birthplace or last residence.
People falling within the scope of this Act included:
  1. Wandering scholars seeking alms.
  2. Shipwrecked seamen.
  3. Idle persons using subtle craft in games or in fortune-telling.
  4. Pretended proctors, procurers or gatherers of alms for institutions.
  5. Fencers, bearwards, common players or minstrels.
  6. Jugglers, tinkers, pedlars & petty chapmen.
  7. Able-bodied wandering persons & labourers without means refusing to work for current rates of wages.
  8. Discharged prisoners.
  9. Wanderers pretending losses by fire.
  10. Egyptians or gypsies.
Amendments to Act:
  • In the ensuing 2 centuries the list was amended from time to time to include any class of person now considered undesirable.
  • Examples included - unlicensed lottery ticket dealers, "end-gatherers" (persons buying ends of cloth), poachers, persons "in possession of burglarious implements", etc.

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February 19 - Deaths

Calendar Date February 19th:
February 19th - Deaths:
197 – Clodius Albinus - Roman governor of Britain
1133 – Irene Ducaena - wife of Alexius I Comnenus (b. 1066)
1553 – Erasmus Reinhold - German astronomer & mathematician (b. 1511)
1589 – Saint Philothei - Orthodox martyr & Patron of Athens (b. 1522)
1605 – Orazio Vecchi - Italian composer (b. 1550)
1602 – Philippe Emmanuel - Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (b. 1558)
1620 – Roemer Visscher - Dutch writer (b. 1547)
1622 – Sir Henry Savile - English educator (b. 1549)
1653 – Luigi de Rossi - Italian composer (b. 1597)
1663 – Adam Adami - German bishop & diplomat (b. 1603)
1670 – King Frederick III of Denmark (b. 1609)
1672 – Charles Chauncy - English-born president of Harvard College (b. 1592)
1709 – Tokugawa Tsunayoshi - Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
1716 – Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter - Norwegian poet (b. 1634)
1789 – Nicholas Van Dyke - American lawyer & President of Delaware (b. 1738)
1799 – Jean-Charles de Borda - French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, & sailor (b. 1733)
1806 – Elizabeth Carter - English writer (b. 1717)
1837 – Georg Büchner - German playwright (b. 1813)
1837 – Thomas Burgess - English author, philosopher, Bishop of Saint David's & Bishop of Salisbury (b. 1756)
1887 – Multatuli - Dutch writer (b. 1820)
1897 – Karl Weierstraß - German mathematician (b. 1815)
1916 – Ernst Mach - Austrian-Czech physicist & philosopher (b. 1838)
1927 – Robert Fuchs - Austrian composer (b. 1847)
1936 – Billy Mitchell - American general & military aviation pioneer (b. 1879)
1936 – Charles Harding Firth - British historian (b. 1857)
1942 – Frank Abbandando - American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
1951 – André Gide - French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
1952 – Knut Hamsun - Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
1957 – Maurice Garin - French cyclist (b. 1871)
1962 – Georgios Papanikolaou - Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (b. 1883)
1968 – Georg Hackenschmidt - Estonian professional wrestler (b. 1878)
1969 – Madge Blake - American actress (b. 1899)
1970 – Christoforos Nezer - Greek actor (b. 1887)
1972 – John Grierson - Scottish documentary filmmaker (b. 1898)
1972 – Tedd Pierce - American animator (b. 1906)
1973 – Joseph Szigeti - Hungarian violinist (b. 1892)
1973 – Kostas Negrepontis - Greek footballer (b. 1897)
1975 – Luigi Dallapiccola - Italian composer (b. 1904)
1977 – Mike González - Cuban baseball player (b. 1890)
1977 – Anthony Crosland - British politician (b. 1918)
1980 – Bon Scott - Australian singer (AC/DC) (b. 1946)
1983 – Alice White - American film actress (b. 1904)
1986 – Adolfo Celi - Italian actor (b. 1922)
1988 – André Frédéric Cournand - French-born physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
1992 – Tojo Yamamoto - American professional wrestler (b. 1927)
1994 – Derek Jarman - British film director (b. 1942)
1996 – Antonio Creus - Spanish racecar driver (b. 1924)
1996 – Charles O. Finley - American sports entrepreneur (b. 1918)
1997 – Deng Xiaoping - Chinese Communist leader & revolutionary (b. 1904)
1997 – Leo Rosten - American Yiddish writer & humorist (b. 1908)
1998 – Grandpa Jones - American entertainer (b. 1913)
1999 – Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr - Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated) (b. 1943)
2000 – Friedensreich Hundertwasser - Austrian artist (b. 1928)
2001 – Priscilla Davis - American socialite (b. 1942)
2001 – Stanley Kramer - American director (b. 1913)
2001 – Charles Trenet - French singer (b. 1913)
2003 – Johnny Paycheck - American singer (b. 1938)
2007 – Janet Blair - American actress (b. 1921)
2007 – Celia Franca - founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1921)
2008 – Lydia Shum - Hong Kong comedian & actress (b. 1945)
2008 – Yegor Letov - Russian song writer & singer (b. 1964)
2009 – Kelly Groucutt - Bass guitarist & singer for the band Electric Light Orchestra (b. 1945)
2009 – Miika Tenkula - Finnish guitarist for the band Sentenced (b. 1974)


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February 19 - Births

Calendar Date February 19th:
February 19th - Births:
1473 – Nicolaus Copernicus - mathematician & astronomer (d. 1543)
1526 – Charles de L'Ecluse - Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
1552 – Melchior Klesl - Austrian cardinal & statesman (d. 1630)
1630 – Shivaji - founder of the Maratha Empire (d. 1680)
1660 – Friedrich Hoffmann - German physician & chemist (d. 1742)
1717 – David Garrick - British actor (d. 1779)
1722 – Tiphaigne de la Roche - French writer (d. 1774)
1743 – Luigi Boccherini - Italian composer (d. 1805)
1780 – Richard McCarty - American politician (d. 1844)
1802 – Wilhelm Matthias Naeff - Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
1804 – Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky - German physician (d. 1878)
1804 – David Wark - Canadian politician (d. 1905)
1821 – August Schleicher - German linguist (d. 1868)
1833 – Élie Ducommun - Swiss journalist - recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1906)
1859 – Svante Arrhenius - Swedish chemist - Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
1865 – Sven Hedin - Swedish explorer (d. 1952)
1869 – Hovhannes Tumanyan - Armenian poet & writer (d. 1923)
1876 – Constantin Brancusi - Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
1877 – Gabriele Münter - German painter (d. 1962)
1880 – Alvaro Obregon - Mexican president (d. 1928)
1888 – José Eustasio Rivera - Colombian writer (d. 1928)
1888 – Aurora Quezon - First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
1893 – Sir Cedric Hardwicke - British actor (d. 1964)
1895 – Louis Calhern - American actor (d. 1956)
1895 – Diego Mazquiarán - Spanish matador ( d. 1940 )
1896 – André Breton - French poet (d. 1966)
1897 – Alma Rubens - American actress (d. 1931)
1899 – Yury Olesha - Russian novelist (d. 1960)
1902 – Kay Boyle - American writer (d. 1992)
1904 – Havank - Dutch writer (d. 1964)
1910 – Dorothy Janis - American silent film actress (d. 2010)
1911 – Merle Oberon - British actress (d. 1979)
1912 – Saul Chaplin - American composer (d. 1997)
1913 – Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza - pretender to the Brazilian throne (d. 2007)
1914 – Jacques Dufilho - French comedian (d. 2005)
1916 – Eddie Arcaro - American jockey (d. 1997)
1917 – Carson McCullers - American author (d. 1967)
1920 – C. Z. Guest - American socialite (d. 2003)
1920 – Jaan Kross - Estonian writer (d. 2007)
1920 – George Rose - British music hall entertainer (d. 1988)
1924 – David Bronstein - Ukrainian chess player (d. 2006)
1924 – Lee Marvin - American actor (d. 1987)
1924 – Bruce Norris - American ice hockey executive (d. 1986)
1924 – František Vláčil - Czech film director, painter, & graphic artist (d. 1999)
1929 – Jacques Deray - French film director (d. 2003)
1930 – John Frankenheimer - American film director (d. 2002)
1930 – K Viswanath - South Indian film director
1932 – Joseph P. Kerwin - NASA astronaut
1934 – Carole Eastman - American screenwriter (d. 2004)
1935 – Dave Niehaus - American sportscaster
1936 – Sam Myers - American musician & songwriter (d. 2006)
1936 – Marin Sorescu - Romanian writer & novelist (d. 1997)
1937 – Robert Walker Jr. - American blues guitarist
1938 – René Muñoz - Cuban actor, screenwriter of telenovelas & the cinema of Mexico (d. 2000)
1939 – Gwen Taylor - English actress
1940 – Saparmurat Niyazov - President of Turkmenistan (d. 2006)
1940 – Smokey Robinson - American singer
1941 – David Gross - American physicist - Nobel laureate
1942 – Paul Krause - American football player
1943 – Lou Christie - American singer
1943 – Homer Hickam - American author & retired NASA engineer
1943 – Tim Hunt - British biochemist - Nobel laureate
1945 – Michael Nader - American actor
1946 – Paul Dean - Canadian guitarist (Loverboy)
1946 – Peter Hudson - Australian rules footballer
1946 – Karen Silkwood - American activist (d. 1974)
1947 – Tim Shadbolt - mayor of Invercargill - New Zealand
1948 – Mark Andes - American musician
1948 – Pim Fortuyn - Dutch politician (d. 2002)
1948 – Big John Studd - American professional wrestler (d. 1995)
1948 – Tony Iommi - English guitarist (Black Sabbath)
1949 – Dan Bunten - American software developer (d. 1998)
1949 – William Messner-Loebs - American comics writer
1950 – Andy Powell - British musician
1951 – Stephen Nichols - American actor
1951 – Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db) - Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar
1952 – Amy Tan - American novelist
1952 – Rodolfo Neri Vela - Mexican astronaut
1953 – Massimo Troisi - Italian actor (d. 1994)
1953 – Bill Kirchenbauer American comedian & actor
1953 – Cristina Elisabet Fernández – President of Argentina
1954 – Socrates - Brazilian footballer
1955 – Jeff Daniels - American actor
1956 – Kathleen Beller - American actress
1956 – Roderick MacKinnon - American biologist, Nobel laureate
1956 – Dave Wakeling - English musician (The (English) Beat - General Public)
1957 – Falco - Austrian singer (d. 1998)
1957 – Lorianne Crook - Television Personality
1957 – Ray Winstone - British actor
1958 – Helen Fielding - English writer
1960 – Andrew - Duke of York
1960 – Leslie Ash - English actress
1961 – Benoît Chamoux - French mountaineer (d. 1995)
1961 – Justin Fashanu - English footballer (d. 1998)
1961 – Andy Wallace - English race car driver
1962 – Hana Mandlíková - Czech tennis player
1962 – John Laroche - American orchid poacher
1963 – Laurell K. Hamilton - American writer
1963 – Seal - English singer
1963 – Jessica Tuck - American actress
1964 – Dmitri Lipskerov - Russian writer
1964 – Sonu Walia - Indian actress
1964 – Doug Aldrich - American musician (Whitesnake)
1965 – Cathy Lane - English Swimmer
1965 – Leroy - American musician (Smash Mouth)
1965 – Jon Fishman - American musician (Phish)
1966 – Justine Bateman - American actress
1966 – Paul Haarhuis - Dutch tennis player
1966 – Enzo Scifo - Belgian footballer
1967 – Benicio del Toro - Puerto Rican actor
1969 – Burton C. Bell - American vocalist
1971 – Miguel Batista - Dominican baseball player
1971 – Gil Shaham - Israeli-born American violinist
1971 – Lisa McCune - Australian actress
1972 – Francine - American professional wrestler
1974 – Danny Doring - American professional wrestler
1975 – Daniel Adair - Canadian Drummer (Nickelback)
1975 – Mikko Kavén - Finnish footballer
1975 – Katja Schuurman - Dutch actress & singer
1975 – Daewon Song - Korean professional skateboarder
1976 – Jahidi White - American basketball player
1977 – Ola Salo - Swedish singer (The Ark)
1977 – Gianluca Zambrotta - Italian footballer
1978 – Michalis Konstantinou - Greek-Cypriot footballer
1978 – Immortal Technique - American rapper
1979 – Mariska - Finnish rapper
1979 – Clinton Morrison - Irish footballer
1979 – Mariana Ochoa - Mexican singer & actress
1979 – Steve Cherundolo - American soccer player
1980 – Neleh Dennis - American Survivor contestant
1980 – Dwight Freeney - American football player
1980 – Mike Miller - American basketball player
1980 – Ma Lin - Chinese table tennis player
1981 – Ronnie Arniell - Canadian professional wrestler
1981 – Beth Ditto - American singer (The Gossip)
1981 – Gil Reyes - American boxer
1981 – Nicky Shorey - English footballer
1981 – Vitas - Russian singer
1981 – Kyle Martino - American soccer player
1981 – Daniel Letterle - American actor & singer
1983 – Assunta De Rossi - Filipino actress
1983 – Mika Nakashima - Japanese singer/actress
1983 – Ryan Whitney - American ice hockey player
1984 – Chris Richardson - American Idol finalist
1985 – Haylie Duff - American singer/actress
1985 – Arielle Kebbel - American actress
1986 – Kyle Chipchura - Canadian ice hockey player
1986 – Reon Kadena - Japanese model/actress
1986 – Henri Karjalainen - Finnish racing driver
1986 – Maria Mena - Norwegian singer
1986 – Jayde Nicole - Canadian model
1986 – Marta - Brazilian footballer
1986 – Björn Gustafsson - Swedish comedian
1988 – Miyu Irino - Japanese voice actor
1989 – Luke Pasqualino - English actor
1993 – Victoria Justice - American actress
1993 – Empress Schuck - Filipina actress


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February 19 - General (Calendar Date)

February 19th - Basic Facts:
  • February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
  • There are 315 days remaining until the end of the year (316 in leap years).
  • The preceding day is February 18
  • Next day is February 20.
February 19th Births (Here)

February 19th Deaths (Here)

February 19 Events:

197 – Septimius Severus (Roman Emperor) defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum.
1594 – Sigismund III (of the House of Vasa) is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.
1600 – The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes.
1674 – Treaty of Westminster signed by England & the Netherlands - ends the Third Anglo-Dutch War.
1807 – Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason.
1819 – William Smith (British explorer) discovers the South Shetland Islands.
1846 – Austin, Texas the newly formed Texas state government is officially installed.
1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, NY congressman - acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity.
1861 – Serfdom abolished in Russia.
1864 – Knights of Pythias are founded by Justus H. Rathbone in Washington, D.C.
1878 – Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
1884 – The Enigma tornado outbreak occurs.
1937 – During Viceregal Palacec ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2 Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani.
1942 – Japanese warplanes (~ 250) attack Australian city of Darwin killing 243 people (World War II).
1942 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese-Americans to Japanese internment camps (World War II).
1943 – Battle of the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia begins (World War II).
1945 – Battle of Iwo Jima (World War II).
1949 – Ezra Pound is awarded the first Bollingen Prize in poetry.
1953 – Georgia approves 1st literature censorship board in the United States.
1959 – Cyprus granted independence by United Kingdom.
1963 – Publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique.
1972 – The Asama-Sansō hostage standoff begins in Japan.
1976 – Executive Order 9066 is rescinded by President Gerald R. Ford's Proclamation 4417
1978 – Egyptian forces raid Larnaca International Airport in an attempt to intervene in a hijacking, without authorisation from the Republic of Cyprus authorities.
1985 – William J. Schroeder (artificial heart recipient) becomes the 1st such patient to leave hospital.
1985 – Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 crashes into Mount Oiz in Spain.
1986 – Akkaraipattu massacre - Sri Lankan Army massacres 80 Tamil farm workers.
1986 – The Soviet Union launches its Mir spacecraft.
1999 – Posthumous pardon issued by President Bill Clinton for U.S. Army Lt. Henry Ossian Flipper.
2001 – Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial.
2002 – NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars - the probe using a thermal emission imaging system.


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Essex (County in East England, UK)

Essex Facts:
  • Essex is a non-metropolitan county in the East of England.
  • It is one of the home counties located to the northeast of Greater London.
  • Principal local authority for much of the county.
  • Chelmsford is the county town.
  • Located in the county are Lakeside Shopping Centre (in Thurruck) & London Stansted Airport.
  • Essex is known for the origin of the political term Essex man, & also for jokes about 'Essex girls'.
Essex History:
  • Essex originates in the Anglo-Saxon period of the Early Middle Ages.
  • The Kingdom of Essex was traditionally founded by Aescwine in 527 AD.
  • This Kingdom occupied territory north of the River Thames, including what would later become Middlesex & Hertfordshire.
  • Essex County Council was formed in 1889.
  • The Essex boundary with Greater London was established in 1965.
Image - Wikipedia Public Domain.

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Guitar Hero (Electronic Musical Game)


Guitar Hero News:
  • In the ITN Productions' Game On programme, Gene Simmons has confirmed that he "is the voice of Guitar Hero 6" (reported March 2010).
  • A new musical video game was first announced at the Game Developers Conference (March 2010) - named Power Gig: Rise of the SixString - is a possible major threat for the Guitar Hero franchise as Power Gig will use a bona-fide 6 string guitar.
  • The Guitar Hero franchise, although it has been a leader in the virtual music genre since 2005, does appear to be losing some of it's lustre now.
  • Whether the upcoming Guitar Hero 6 will shine is not clear, as the formula is a little tired now.
Guitar Hero 5:
  • Produced by Activision.
  • Guitar Hero 5 appears to rely largely on celebrity appearances to maintain its rocker cred
  • Guitar Hero 5 allows you to personalize & customize your experience music experience.
  • Ability to play with any in-game instrument combination in any game mode.
  • There are - multiple bassists, drummers, guitarists, vocalists.
  • There is an all-new Party Play Mode.
  • The ability to play as your Xbox Avatars is also a neat addition
  • Ability to drop in or drop out of gameplay seamlessly - not affecting the jam session.
Hits included in Guitar Hero 5 by Artists:
  • Bob Dylan
  • Johnny Cash
  • Kings of Leon
  • Santana
  • The Rolling Stones
  • The White Stripes
  • Tom Petty
  • Vampire Weekend

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